Preterite Tense

pretérito

PAST ACTION
Used to express a definite action in the past that is considered finished.
USING HACER
It is formed: 'hacer + expression of time + 'que' + preterite tense verb.
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME
Ther preterite is commonly used with the following expressions of time.

Regular Verbs

Click or tap on a verb to see the preterite tense conjugation in Spanish, view sentences and listen to audio.

REGULAR AR VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'ar', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo é
aste
ud., el, ella ó
nosotros amos
vosotros asteis
uds., ellos, ellas aron
ACEPTAR
CERRAR
COCINAR
CONTAR
DESAYUNAR
ESTUDIAR
HABLAR
PENSAR
PRESTAR
REGULAR ER VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'er', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo í
iste
ud., el, ella
nosotros imos
vosotros isteis
uds., ellos, ellas ieron
APARECER
CONVENCER
DEVOLVER
ENVOLVER
ESCOGER
MOVER
PERDER
VENDER
VER
REGULAR IR VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'ir', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo í
iste
ud., el, ella
nosotros imos
vosotros isteis
uds., ellos, ellas ieron
ABRIR
APLAUDIR
ASISTIR
CUBRIR
DESCUBRIR
DIVIDIR
PERMITIR
RECIBIR
VIVIR

Irregular Verbs

These verbs are irregular in the preterite and do not have a written accent.

ANDAR
CABER
ESTAR
HACER
PODER
PONER
QUERER
SABER
TENER
VENIR

Dar takes the 'er/ir' endings while ir and ser share the same forms in preterite tense.

DAR
IR
SER

Verbs That Change

These verbs change the 'e' to an 'i' in the third person singular and plural forms.

CONSENTIR
DIVERTIRSE
HERIR
MENTIR
PREFERIR
SENTIR

These verbs change the 'i' to a 'y' in the third person singular and plural forms. A written accent is required except in the third person plural.

CAER
CREER
LEER
OÍR

Verbs That Change

Verbs ending in 'car' change the 'c' to 'qu' in the first person singular.

BUSCAR
COLOCAR
EDUCAR
EQUIVOCARSE
EXPLICAR
MASTICAR
PESCAR
SACRIFICAR
TOCAR

Verbs ending in 'gar' change the 'g' to 'gu' in the first person singluar form.

AGREGAR
CARGAR
JUGAR
MADRUGAR
PAGAR
PEGAR

Verbs ending in 'zar' change the 'z' to 'c' in the first person singluar form.

ABRAZAR
ALMORZAR
COMENZAR
GOZAR
LANZAR
REZAR

These verbs change the 'i' for a 'y' in third person singular and the third person plural forms.

CONCLUIR
CONSTRUIR
CONTRIBUIR
DISTRIBUIR
HUIR